Tamsulosin for men HCL – Uses, Side Effects, and More
Tamsulosin is used by men to treat symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia-BPH). It does not shrink the prostate but works by relaxing the muscles in the prostate and another. This helps to alleviate BPH symptoms such as difficulty in initiating urine flow, poor flow, and the need to urinate more often or quickly (including midnight). Tamsulosin is part of a class of drugs known as alpha-blockers. Do not use this medication to treat high blood pressure.
How to use Tamsulosin HCL
Read the Patient Information Sheet if it is available from your pharmacist before you start taking this medicine and each time you receive a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take these medicines orally as directed by your doctor, usually once a day, for 30 minutes after the same diet each day. Avoid this whole drug. Do not crush, chew, or open the pills.
Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment.
Tamsulosin may cause a sudden drop in your blood pressure, which can lead to dizziness or fainting. This risk is higher if you start taking the drug after your doctor has increased your dose, or if you resume treatment after stopping it. At these times, avoid situations where you might be injured if you faint.
Take this medicine regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time every day.
If you have not taken this drug for a few days, consult your doctor to see if you need to be started on low doses.
It may take up to 4 weeks before your symptoms improve. Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it gets worse.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, drowsiness, runny nose / watery stools, or sperm problems. If any of these side effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
To reduce the risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, stand up straight from where you are sitting or lying down.
Remember that this medicine is prescribed because your doctor has decided that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Most people who take these drugs do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor immediately if you have any serious side effects, including fainting.
Rarely, men may have a painful or prolonged suspension that lasts 4 hours or more. If this happens, stop using the drug and get medical help right away, or there may be permanent problems.
Severe allergic reactions to this drug are rare. However, get medical help immediately if you notice any signs of serious allergies, including rash, itching/swelling (especially face/tongue/throat), dizziness, difficulty breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you experience side effects not listed above, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Before taking tamsulosin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you suffer from it; or if you have other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which may cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using these medicines, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, in particular: low blood pressure, certain eye problems (cataract, glaucoma).
This drug may make you feel dizzy or drowsy. Alcohol or marijuana (marijuana) can make you feel dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything that requires caution until you can do so safely. Limit alcohol consumption. Talk to your doctor if you use cannabis.
Before surgery (which includes cataract/glaucoma surgery), tell your doctor or dentist if you are taking or have taken this medication and all other products you use (including prescription drugs, over-the-counter drugs, and herbal products).
Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially dizziness and low blood pressure when getting up or sitting up. These side effects can increase the risk of falls.
During pregnancy, this medicine should only be used when needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
It is not known if this drug is passed into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
Drug interactions may change the way your medication works or increase the risk of serious side effects. This document does not cover every possible drug interaction. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription / over-the-counter medications and herbal products) and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any medication without your doctor’s permission.
Other products that may interact with this drug include other alpha-blocker drugs (such as prazosin, terazosin).
If you are also taking medication for erectile dysfunction-ED or pulmonary hypertension (such as sildenafil, tadalafil), your blood pressure may drop dramatically, leading to dizziness or fainting. Your doctor may need to adjust your medication to reduce the risk.
Some medicines can affect the release of tamsulosin in your body, which may affect the way tamsulosin works. Examples include azole antifungals (such as itraconazole, ketoconazole), boceprevir, clarithromycin, cobicistat, HIV protease inhibitors (such as lopinavir, ritonavir), mifepristone, ribociclib, among others.
Do not share this medicine with others.
Laboratory and/or medical tests (such as prostate tests, blood pressure) should be done periodically to monitor your progress or test for side effects. Contact your doctor for more information.
You missed a dose
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dose at the usual time. Do not repeat the dose to catch.
Store at room temperature away from light once
What Else Can I Use to Treat BPH? Alternatives to Tamsulosin (Flomax)
Tamsulosin (Flomax) belongs to a class of drugs called alpha-blockers. These drugs treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also known as prostate enlargement, in men.
The prostate encloses the human urethra. The urethra is a tube where urine flows out of the bladder and into the body. As the prostate grows, it presses down on the urethra, making it difficult to urinate. Flomax relaxes the muscles in the prostate and bladder to help the urine flow more easily.
Flomax can help with the symptoms of BPH, but not for everyone. Some men may not be able to take the drug at all. Continue reading to learn more about alternative therapies for BPH, as well as who is not a good Flomax candidate.
Flomax is not the only alpha-blocker available to treat BPH. Some men may be able to take another alpha-blocker. Doctors also prescribe four more drugs in this class for treating BPH symptoms:
- alfuzosin (Uroxatral)
- doxazosin (Cardura)
- Silodosin (Rapaflo)
- terazosin (Hytrin)
These alpha-blockers can interact with many of the same drugs produced by Flomax. These medications include high blood pressure and drugs for erectile dysfunction. These drugs also have side effects and side effects.
Some of the common side effects on alpha-blockers include:
- dizziness, especially when you are standing very fast
- a headache
- shortness of breath or shortness of breath
- Sore throat
- nasal congestion or constant sneezing
Each of these drugs also has different side effects, so if you are taking one and you experience side effects it is stressful, talk to your doctor about trying another type of alpha-blocker.
Alpha-blockers are not for everyone, however. If you have a history of liver or kidney disease, or low blood pressure, you may need to try a different type of medication to control your BPH.
Along with herbal remedies
If you are unable to take alpha-blockers, you may have other options. In addition to other prescription drugs, such as 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, several complementary therapies are also used to treat the symptoms of BPH. However, it is not clear how effective these treatments are.
French doctors have been prescribing this remedy for BPH for decades. More research is needed on how pygeum africanum works. Pygeum africanum improves urine flow and slows prostate enlargement. Side effects include headaches and gastrointestinal (GI) problems.
He saw palmetto
This plant helps to loosen muscles in the bladder and prostate to relieve urinary symptoms. It may work with finasteride (Proscar) drugs for the treatment of BPH. Finasteride is a type of 5-alpha reductase inhibitor. There is an anti-inflammatory action that reduces inflammation and increases blood flow. Saw palmetto has many medicinal properties, like many herbs, so the effects are complex. Saw palmetto has fewer side effects than finasteride, and many are mild, such as headaches, GI problems, and low interest in sex.
These extracts are produced when germs digest plant pollen. It appears to relieve muscles in the bladder and urethra. In the study, Secale cereal reduced nocturnal urination in men with BPH but did not reduce the prostate size or increase urine flow. Side effects include allergies to the skin, as well as GI symptoms.
Lifestyle Changes Managing BPH
As well as taking medication, making these changes in your daily routine can help alleviate the symptoms of BPH:
- Re-train your bladder. Go to the bathroom at regular intervals, such as an hour or two.
- Gradually increase the time between private visits.
- Eventually, your bladder will be able to hold more fluid, and you will feel a less urgent need to move.
- Drain on your bladder, then move on again.
- This is called double voiding.
- Limit alcohol and caffeine.
- They can make BPH symptoms worse by irritating your bladder and making your body produce more urine.
- Drink a small amount of fluid throughout the day.
- Stop drinking an hour or two before bed, so you will not have to get up in the middle of the night to go.
- Eat nutritious food and exercise daily to control your weight.
- Obesity accelerates prostate growth.
- Avoid antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and decongestants, which can cause urinary retention.
What to ask your doctor
Check with your doctor before trying any remedies or supplements. Some of these products may cause side effects, and they may interact with other medications you are taking.
Here are a few questions about BPH you can ask your doctor:
- What medications can help my symptoms?
- Can remedies help you? Where are they?
- What can I do at home to improve my symptoms?
- What foods or drinks should I avoid?
- If the first treatment I am trying does not work, what should I do?
What is the idea?
Your symptoms should be improved with treatment. Ask your doctor how long you need to stay on your medication. You may need to continue taking longer to control your BPH symptoms. Alternatively, you may need to switch to a new treatment if the first drug you try does not help you, or stops working.
Continue to see your urologist or primary care provider for regular checkups. You will need a digital rectal (DRE) test once a year, or more often, for your doctor to check for any new prostate growth.
Who should not take Flomax?
Flomax may not be suitable for you if:
- You are not allergic to this drug, or sulfa drugs.
Rarely, Flomax can cause severe allergies, including swelling of the face or throat, shortness of breath, and skin rashes.
- She has low blood pressure, also known as hypotension.
Flomax can make it worse.
- You have severe kidney or liver disease.
Injured kidneys or liver may not be able to remove Flomax from your body quickly enough.
This can lead to an increase in side effects.
- You are planning a cataract surgery or glaucoma.
Flomax is linked to a condition called intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS), which can make surgery extremely difficult.
Flomax can also interact with certain medications. Your doctor may recommend that you take a different dose of BPH if you are taking one of these medications:
- acid reflux drugs, such as cimetidine (Tagamet)
- antibiotics, such as clarithromycin (Biaxin) or telithromycin (Ketek)
- antidepressants, including nefazodone (Serzone) or paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva)
- antifungal drugs, such as itraconazole (Sporanox), ketoconazole (Nizoral), posaconazole (Noxafil), or voriconazole (Vfend)
- cancer drugs, including ceritinib (Zykadia), dabrafenib (Tafinlar), idelalisib (Zydelig), and nilotinib (Tasigna)
- erectile dysfunction drugs, such as avanafil (Stendra), sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), or vardenafil (Levitra)
- glaucoma drugs, including carteolol (Ocupress), mepindolol, or metipranolol (OptiPranolol)
- hepatitis C drugs, such as boceprevir (Victrelis) or telaprevir (Incivek)
- high blood pressure or heart rate drugs, including acebutolol (Sectral), metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol), penbutolol (Levatol), pindolol (Visken), and -timolol (Timoptic)
- HIV / AIDS drugs, such as atazanavir (Reyataz), cobicistat (Tybost), indinavir (Chemet, Crixivan), nelfinavir (Viracept), ritonavir (Norvir), or saquinavir (Invirase).
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