Know About Anticoagulant and Antiplatelet Drugs? – Health care

Anticoagulant drugs and Antiplatelet

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Overview

Anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs eliminate or reduce the risk of blood clots. They are often called blood thinners, but these drugs do not lower your blood pressure. Instead, they help to prevent or break down the dangerous blood clots that form in the bloodstream or the heart. Without treatment, these clots can block your blood flow and lead to a heart attack or stroke.

Make these medicines

Both antiplatelets and anticoagulants work to block the clot in your bloodstream, but they work in different ways.

Antiplatelets disrupt platelet aggregation or a process that triggers the formation of blood clots.

Anticoagulants disrupt the proteins in your blood that are involved in the metabolic process. These proteins are called traits. Different anticoagulants interfere with various factors to prevent thickening.

List of anticoagulants and antiplatelet

There are many anticoagulants, including:

  • heparin
  • Warfarin (Coumadin)
  • rivaroxaban (Xarelto)
  • dabigatran (Pradaxa)
  • apixaban (Eliquis)
  • Edoxaban (Savaysa)
  • enoxaparin (Lovenox)
  • fondaparinux (Arixtra)

Common antiplatelets include:

  • Clopidogrel (Plavix)
  • ticagrelor (Brilinta)
  • Prasugrel (Effient)
  • dipyridamole
  • dipyridamole / aspirin (Aggrenox)
  • ticlopidine (Ticlid)
  • Eptifibatide (Integrilin)

It uses

Your doctor may recommend an anticoagulant or antiplatelet drug if you have one or more of the following conditions. Each of these can cause blood to clot in your arteries, which can lead to the formation of clots:

  • Heart disease
  • circulatory problems
  • irregular heartbeat
  • congenital heart failure

Your doctor may also prescribe one of these medications if you have had a heart valve operation.

If you take warfarin, you will have a standard blood test called an international normalized ratio (INR) test. The results help your doctor determine if the medication is safe for you. Your doctor may also perform additional tests if you are taking different medications.

Side effects and risks

There are side effects associated with anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs, and some can be very serious. Call your doctor if you notice any of the following symptoms while taking any anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs:

  • increase in abrasions
  • red or pink urine
  • bloody stools or coffee grounds
  • bleeding more than normal during your period
  • purple toes
  • pain, temperature changes, or dark spots on your fingers, toes, hands, or feet

Because of the side effects of these drugs, some people have an increased risk of developing side effects when using them. Some people should not use them at all. If you have a bleeding problem, diabetes, high blood pressure, problems with balance, heart failure, or liver or kidney problems, talk to your doctor. Warfarin may increase your risk of complications from these conditions. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, do not use warfarin. Doing so may increase the risk of your baby’s death and injury to your baby.

Some medications and supplements may increase the risk of bleeding, so tell your doctor about every prescription and the over-the-counter product you take.

Tips

While taking any of these medications, follow these tips to help you stay healthy and safe:

  • Tell all your healthcare providers that you are taking anticoagulants or antiplatelet, as well as any other drugs.
  • Make sure you wear an identification bracelet.
  • Avoid sports and other activities that could cause injury. It may be difficult for your body to stop bleeding or to thicken normally.
  • Talk to your doctor if you are planning surgery or special dental procedures.
  • This can put you at risk of bleeding that is difficult to stop.
  • Your doctor may recommend that you stop taking your antiplatelet drugs or anticoagulant for some time before and after the procedure.

Talk to your doctor

The risks and side effects of these drugs can be very dangerous. If you are taking anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs, follow your doctor’s instructions and call your doctor if you miss a dose.

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