What Is The Prostate?
The prostate (not prostrate) is a small, rubber-like ping-pong ball, located deep in the groin, between the base of the penis and the rectum. It is important to reproduce because it provides a portion of the sperm (semen), which mixes with semen from the testicles. Seminal fluid helps sperm to move and live.
If you know more about the prostate, its growth, and normal function, where it is located, and what it is linked to, you can better understand how prostate cancer grows and how it affects a man’s health over time — due to cancer growth, or treatment outcome.
The prostate resides in the depths of the groin.
Seminal vesicles are structures with rabbit ears that live on the prostate and store and release most of the ejaculate.
A neurovascular bundle is a collection of nerves and blood vessels that run on each side of the prostate, and help control erectile function. In some men, these nerves run a short distance from the prostate, but in others, they attach themselves to the prostate itself. Their exact location does not affect the prostate function or contribute to prostate cancer if it occurs.
The bladder is like a balloon getting bigger and bigger as it fills with urine. The urethra, a small tube that connects to the bladder, runs between the prostate and the length of the penis, expelling both urine and semen from the body. It is a tube that drains the bladder.
The rectum, which sits behind the prostate, is the lower part of the intestine and connects to the anus.
The prostate is divided into several anatomic regions, or areas. Most prostate cancer starts in the lateral area (behind the prostate), near the rectum. This is why digital rectal testing (DRE), in which the doctor examines the prostate by inserting a gloved finger into the rectum, is a more common and useful test in addition to the PSA blood test.
Difficulty urinating is not usually a sign of prostate cancer. In most cases, the lower symptoms of urinary tract infections are caused by Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH), a malignant tumor that usually occurs in the area around the urethra, or urinary tract (near the center of the prostate).
What Does the Prostate Do?
The prostate is not important for life, but it is important for reproduction. Healthy sperm is a complete invasion of the transport environment and sperm life, as well as fertilization. Sperm includes enzymes such as PSA (commonly measured as part of prostate cancer screening), as well as other substances produced by seminal vesicles and prostate, such as zinc, citrate, and fructose (which give sperm the ability to produce trip. egg). Sperm also contains substances that can protect the urinary tract and sperm from germs and other germs.
The prostate usually grows during puberty, under the control of the male hormone testosterone and its byproduct dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
What is Hunger? What Is Common?
Many men are not sure what their prostate is, what it does, or when they should call a doctor if they think they may have a problem. Therefore, knowledge is the best tool you have in dealing with this aspect of men’s health.
What Does My Prostate Do?
that is a small famine that is part of the male reproductive system.
It should be about the shape and size of the walnut.
that sits just below one and in front of your rectum.
It surrounds the urethra, the tube in your urethra that carries urine from your bladder.
The prostate helps make more fluid in the semen, which carries sperm to your testicles as you excrete semen.
This Hunger Can Grow
As you grow older, your prostate may become larger. It is a normal part of aging for most men.
By the time you are 40 years old, your prostate may be changing from the size of a walnut to the size of an apricot. If you are in your 60’s, it may be the size of a lemon.
Because it surrounds part of the urethra, an enlarged prostate can squeeze that tube out. This creates problems when you try to urinate. Generally, you will not notice these problems until you are 50 years old or older, but they may start early.
You may hear a doctor or nurse call benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH for short. It is not cancer.
Who Can Get an Enlarged Prostate?
BPH is normal and cannot be prevented. Age and family history of BPH are two things that increase the chances you may get. A few statistics on that:
- some 8 out of 10 men end up with enlarged prostate.
- concerning 90% of men over the age of 85 will have BPH.
- About 30% of men will find their symptoms disturbing.
If you have trouble starting to urinate or have to walk a lot, especially at night, this could be a sign that you have an enlarged prostate. Other signs and symptoms include:
- Your bladder does not empty after urination
- You feel the need to go out of the blue without feeling the make-up
- one can pause and start a few times
- You have to press to make any flow continue
It is important to see your doctor if you have any early symptoms of BPH. Although rare, it can lead to serious problems such as kidney or bladder injury.
A large prostate does not mean that you will have more or worse symptoms. It is different for each individual. Some men with enlarged prostates have fewer problems if any. But your doctor should know either way.
How your doctor treats your condition depends on the details of your case – your age, how much of a problem it is, and so on. Treatment may include:
Waiting pending. If you have an enlarged prostate but the symptoms do not bother you, you may be advised to have it checked every year, which may include various tests.
Lifestyle changes. This includes reducing the amount of alcohol you drink at night and before bedtime, especially with alcoholic beverages or caffeine.
The tree. Common treatments for BPH are alpha-blockers, which facilitate the symptoms of BPH, and so-called 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, or 5-ARIs, help to prune the prostate. Many men may take them for granted.
The FDA now requires labels on 5-ARIs to issue a warning that they may be linked to a growing risk of malignant prostate cancer. These drugs are dutasteride (Avodart) and finasteride (Propecia and Proscar). The Jalyn combination pill also contains dutasteride as one of its ingredients.
Surgery. Men with severe symptoms who have not been treated with alternative therapies may need to turn to surgery. Talk to your doctor about potential risks and side effects.
This is an infection or inflammation of the prostate; it is not the same as BPH, although some of the symptoms are the same.
It can affect men from their teens until old age. Symptoms include:
- Problem with urination
- Colds and flu
- Sexual problems
Treatment usually includes antibiotics.
If you have recently had a catheter or other medical device inserted into your urethra, you have a higher chance of getting bacterial prostatitis. Some sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia, can cause progressive infections and inflammation.
Your doctor may use a variety of tests to assess the condition of your prostate. A few of them include:
Digital rectal examination: Your doctor inserts gloves and inserts one finger into your rectum to check the size and shape of your prostate. They look for things like size, durability, and any lumps.
Prostate-specific antigen test: This blood test checks the amount of protein called PSA produced by prostate cells. High levels may be a sign of cancer. By themselves, there is no evidence that you have prostate cancer.
High levels may also indicate prostate enlargement or prostatitis. However, rates may be lower even for men with prostate cancer, so discuss the results with your doctor.
Prostate biopsy: Men with high PSA results or other symptoms of cancer may have a sample of their prostate tissue to determine if the cancer is present.
Prostate cancer screening is controversial. You can read different types of advice and instructions from different sources. Talk to your doctor about what is best for you.
American Cancer Society: It says men should talk to their doctor about the benefits, risks, and limitations of prostate cancer screening before deciding whether to get tested. This conversation should take place:
- 50-year-old men with an average risk of prostate cancer
- Forty-five percent of men with this condition: include African Americans and men whose father, brother, or son has been diagnosed with prostate cancer at the age of 65 or younger.
- In 40 years, more than 1 percent of men with a first-degree relative (father, brother, or son) has been diagnosed with prostate cancer at an early age.
American Urological Association: It recommends that men 55 to 69 years of age considering testing should consult their physician about the risks and benefits of testing and make a decision based on their circumstances and needs.
The group does not recommend testing:
- Men 39 and under
- Men are 40 to 54 years old and have a moderate chance of getting cancer
A typical period of 2 years or more may be preferred over the annual examination for those men who decide to get tested after talking to their doctor.
Compared to the annual test, it is expected that the 2-year intervals will give you many benefits and minimize false-positive results.
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: Recommends that men aged 55 to 69 considering testing should consult their physician about the risks and benefits of testing and make a decision based on their circumstances and needs.
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