How Much Alcohol?
Although occasional binge drinking can not harm your health, excessive drinking can adversely affect your health and well-being.
You may be wondering when your drinking will endanger your health and how much.
This article examines the effects of alcohol on your health and reviews dietary recommendations and recommendations.
Recommendations for drinking alcohol
Normal beverage sizes and drinking recommendations vary from country to country.
In the United States, a standard beverage contains about 14 grams of pure alcohol, which is usually 12 ounces (355 mL) of standard beer, 5 ounces (150 mL) of wine, or ounces 1.5 (45 mL) of wine. wind (1Reliable Source).
Keep in mind that although there are standard beverage sizes, beverages may vary in alcohol content, for example, if you drink Indian pale ale (IPA) beer or high-alcohol alcohol.
According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, moderate drinking involves one drink per day for women and two drinks a day for men.
Studies show that almost 2% of those who drink within these limits have a substance abuse problem.
Problem drinking can be related to binge drinking, heavy drinking, drunkenness, or alcoholism.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) defines binge drinking as four or more drinks for women or five or more drinks for men at the same time, meaning at the same time or within a few hours.
Excessive drinking or heavy drinking is defined as binge drinking within five days or more of the previous month.
Meanwhile, alcohol consumption is when you have no control over alcohol, you are busy using it, and you continue to use it despite the side effects.
Moderate alcohol consumption one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men. Problems with alcohol use include binge drinking, binge drinking, and binge drinking.
The effects of alcohol on your body
Excessive drinking affects your health and almost every part of your body. It will not only damage the vital organs but also affect your emotions and behavior.
Excessive alcohol consumption can have devastating effects on your central nervous system.
Several factors affect how your brain affects and to what extent, including how much you drink and how often you drink, the age at which you started drinking, your gender, and more.
The first effects of alcohol on your central nervous system include poor speech, memory impairment, and impaired hand-eye coordination.
Numerous studies have linked chronic alcohol abuse to memory loss.
Alcohol dependence is a major risk factor for developing Alzheimer’s disease, especially for women.
In addition, it is estimated that alcohol-related brain damage may result in 10% of all recent dementia cases.
Although brain damage appears to change gradually after a long period of fasting, chronic and excessive drinking may permanently impair brain function.
Liver damage is another result of binge drinking.
Most alcoholic beverages are digested in your liver. This produces potentially harmful products that can damage your liver cells. As you continue to drink over time, your liver health declines.
Alcoholic fatty liver disease is the first stage of alcohol-induced liver damage. This condition can occur over time when too much alcohol leads to the formation of fat in your liver cells, which can impair liver function.
This is a common reaction of the body to chronic alcohol use and may develop in about 90% of people who drink more than 5 drinks a day.
As alcohol abuse progresses, fatty liver disease can eventually progress to inflammation of the liver, liver failure, and even liver failure, which is life-threatening.
The effects of alcohol can be psychologically and physically addictive.
Feeling a strong urge to drink, worrying about where your next drink will be, and finding it difficult to enjoy without drinking is common symptoms of alcoholism.
The reason for this dependence can be complex. It may be due in part to genetics and family history, but your location can play a large role.
There are many other side effects of alcohol abuse. Although health effects vary from person to person, drinking is often associated with depression and anxiety.
Some people may use alcohol as a quick fix to improve their mood and reduce anxiety, but this usually provides only temporary relief. Over time, it can wreak havoc on your mental and physical health.
Drinking may affect your weight and physique.
Although research on the effects of alcohol on weight has been mixed, both moderate and severe use has been linked to weight gain.
Although moderate drinking is safe for most people, excessive drinking and abuse can have devastating effects on your physical and mental health.
Your gender and genetics affect alcohol metabolism
Your sex and genetics can affect the way your body divides alcohol.
The main enzymes involved in the metabolism of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH).
Women are more likely to have lower ADH function than men. Therefore, women may use alcohol in small doses, which puts them at greater risk for their effects. That said, some men have low ADH function too.
The effects of alcohol on your body can also vary depending on your body composition.
For example, women’s bodies have more fat and less water than men’s bodies, on average. This can cause high levels of alcohol in women, even if they drink the same amount as men.
Your gender, genetics, and physical characteristics affect the way your body uses alcohol. Women are more likely to be exposed to its effects than men.
Some people should avoid alcohol
For most people, the occasional drink of alcohol does not cause harm. However, in certain situations and among individuals, alcohol should be avoided.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
Studies have shown that there is no safe level of alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
Numerous studies have concluded that alcohol consumption during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, birth defects, and cognitive and developmental problems.
One study found that birth defects are four times more likely to occur if the mother is too late in the first trimester.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), alcohol use during pregnancy is a leading cause of preventable birth defects, developmental disabilities, and mental retardation in the United States.
It is important to note that alcohol can pass into breast milk when consumed by a breastfeeding mother.
Breastfeeding mothers should wait for the complete withdrawal of alcohol from breast milk after drinking. This takes about 2-2.5 hours per drink, depending on your body size.
Other safety measures
Additional reasons for abstaining from alcohol include:
Medical conditions. Alcohol can damage existing health conditions such as liver disease, diabetes, and kidney disease.
Medications. Alcohol can interact with prescription and over-the-counter medications, including antidepressants, antibiotics, and opioids.
Drinking under the age. Excessive drinking, especially heavy and frequent eating habits, has been linked to immediate and long-term consequences.
Current and recovering alcoholics. Recovering from an alcohol problem can be difficult. To recover, alcoholics need to stop drinking altogether and avoid things that can lead to abuse.
Alcohol use during pregnancy increases the risk of birth defects. It is recommended that you stop drinking if you already have certain health conditions, are young, or are taking certain medications.
An important point
Although moderate drinking is safe for most people, heavy and chronic alcohol abuse can have devastating effects on your mental and physical health.
Many factors play a role in the fluctuations of alcohol, and the effects of alcohol vary from person to person, making it difficult to set drinking recommendations.
The American Dietary Guidelines recommend reducing your intake of alcohol to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men.
However, some people, such as those with certain medical conditions and pregnant women, should avoid alcohol altogether.