Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E: What You Need to Know ? – Health care

All You Need to Know About Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.


Hepatitis medicine
Hepatitis medicine


As more and more fibers emerge, it may be time to look for causes, vaccinate, and treat hepatitis.

Weighing over 3 pounds [3 kg], your liver is one of the largest organs you have. And it’s one of the busiest.

For example, it is your liver that converts nutrients into the food you eat into things your body can use. It helps produce proteins that help your blood to detoxify. And because of your liver, your body can produce up to 1,000 ml – more than 4 cups – of bile per day. This yellow-green digestive tract breaks down and helps your body absorb fat.


If that bell rings, it’s because hepatitis A has been in the news lately. From California to Tennessee, outbreaks are increasing in the United States and around the world. (An Australian woman died recently after eating pomegranate seeds.)

With that in mind, it is almost (past) time to educate yourself on all types of hepatitis C, the best ways to prevent infection, and with each treatment available today.

Hepatitis A (HAV)

Unwashed products. Raw shellfish in dirty water. A sick food administrator who did not wash his hands before preparing your food. Here are just a few ways you can get hepatitis A (HAV).

“Most people have never thought of hepatitis A, but the outbreak [in the news] shows how dangerous it is, even for people with no risk factors, unless considering the July 4 picnic is dangerous,” said Drs. Nancy Reau, a specialist in hepatitis at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago and a member of the American Liver Foundation’s National Medical Advisory Committee. “HAV is food so it can affect anyone.”

You will know when you are sick. HAV symptoms include nausea, diarrhea, fever, and jaundice (yellow skin and eyes) that can last for several months.

What you need to know:

“You can’t get HAV in the toilet seat,” says Drs. Rudolph Bedford, a gynecologist at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, California, has consulted several patients.

However, it is important to avoid contact with contaminated water.

“Always wash your hands with soap and water after you go to the bathroom, or you change your diaper,” says Bedford.

The good news:

“I think it should be part of a standard medical examination,” said Drs. Douglas Dieterich, professor of liver disease at Icahn School of Medicine in Mount Sinai in New York and a member of the American Liver Foundation’s National Medical Advisory Committee. “There is no 100% [effective] vaccine, but it is as close as you can get.”


Hepatitis B (HBV)

You cannot get this type of hepatitis by eating a bad salad. An infected mother will give it to her baby, for example. Sharing needles puts you at riskTrusted Source, too.

If left untreated, HBV can lead to cirrhosis and cancer of the liver, each of which can be extremely dangerous. But what can make HBV a trick to catch is that most people do not have symptoms Reliable Source.

What you need to know:


HBV is not new – not for a long shot. Last spring, researchers at Cambridge University in England discovered a new strain of the Bronze Age fossil record across Europe and Asia.

“In 600 years, [HBV] has come a long way. It’s very smart, ”Dieterich said.

An estimated 2.2 million Americans today have HBV, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and that number is growing.

The good news:

The HBV vaccine has been available since the 80s and when used properly, it is 95 percent effective. But “because it requires 3 shots in 6 months, only 50 percent of people get the last shot,” Dieterich said. “For more than six months, they forget about it.”

Last year, a new HBV vaccine was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

If you have been born in another country, have had many sexual partners, used drugs, or had a blood transfusion, talk to your doctor.

Hepatitis C (HCV)

Contrary to many online rumors that you may have read, hepatitis C cannot be spread by hugging or kissing an infected person. It is not in breast milk, and you will not get sick by sharing lipstick with someone else. HCV is a virus in the blood of a Trusted Source, which means you get it by contacting someone who already has it.

It is possible (though rare) for you to get HCV by using someone else’s razor. A tattoo shop that does not properly disinfect its needles may expose you, as there may be sharing needles through drugs.

HIV-positive men have sex with men at high risk.

Like HBV, HCV can be difficult for doctors to diagnose. 80% Reliable source of people with symptoms show transient symptoms, sometimes for decades. “The virus has a way of reducing the immune response,” Dieterich said.

What you need to know:

If you think you may be at risk of getting HCV – for example, have tattoos and piercings, HIV, HIV, inject or inject drugs, or have a blood transfusion – ask your doctor to easily test you. blood test. Early diagnosis Reliable Source is key to preventing serious liver problems on the road.

When donating blood, always provide your contact details. That way, if something comes up during your blood test, you will be notified.

The good (and bad) news:

Treatment for chronic HCV has come a long way in the last few years. “There was a time when it was a matter of transplantation. Honestly, we can now treat it with one pill for 12 weeks. This is the way we have gone, ”said Bedford.

However, HCV drugs do not reach everyone who needs them.

When researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania examined more than 9,000 prescriptions sent to a specialized national pharmacy for 15 months, they found that 52.4 percent of private insurers denied applications for HCV life-saving drugs. Medicaid declined 34.5 percent of patients and Medicare said no to approximately 15 percent.

HCV antiretroviral drugs

“This denial is partly due to the high cost of HCV antiretroviral drugs and the concern of insurance retailers [about] these drugs that increase their budget,” said Drs. Vincent Lo Re III, MSCE, associate professor of epidemiology and epidemics at U Penn and senior author of the study.

“Less than 10% of chronic HCV patients receive treatment,” said Re. “From a public health standpoint, this denial makes the eradication of HCV, potentially, difficult to achieve.”

Hepatitis D (HDV)

Although HDV, also known as “hepatitis delta”, is considered the most serious form of hepatitis, it is also known as the “incomplete” virus. It requires hepatitis B to copy them. That means you can only get HDV if you have an HBVTrusted Source.

Of the estimated 240 million people worldwide who suffer from hepatitis B, about 20 million may have HDV.

What you need to know:

The HBV vaccine can protect you from this reliable source of hepatitis. And, in fact, “the only way to cure HDV is to treat HBV,” says Dieterich.

The good news:

More than a dozen drugs are still being developed to treat HDV. For example, Lonafarnib, a drug that was originally intended to treat various forms of cancer, may be able to stop HDV from recurring. The testing will begin in clinical trials this year.

hepatitis E (HEV)

Like hepatitis A, HEV is transmitted through contaminated food and water to a reliable source. It is rare in the United States but common in some lands where water and sanitation are in short supply.

What you need to know:

Like HAV, HEV is transmitted through fecal-oral. “High-quality sanitation – hand washing, making sure you eat cooked food – can go a long way in preventing you,” Dieterich said.

Because some types of HEV have been linked to pork, pork, and venison, be sure to eat well-cooked meals when traveling abroad. Avoid drinking raw water Reliable Source.

The good news:

Like HAV, HEV often travels to a Trusted Source without any specific treatment. One day, a preventative gun may also be available at your doctor’s office.

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