Skin and Skin Care for Teens
Your skin is just one more thing that changes when you go through the process.
Acne usually begins in your early teens because your body’s oily glands become stronger, which is normal.
A few different skin problems are part of the acne: whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, and cystic acne.
- Whiteheads are formed when the hair follicle (root) is connected to fat and skin cells.
- When the attached object reaches the surface of the skin and the air touches it, it becomes black – “blackhead.” So blackheads are not caused by dirt.
- When connective tissue is broken, the area becomes inflamed and becomes a red lump.
- If it breaks inside the skin, nodules or cysts can form, which may look like large bumps. This is cystic acne.
Acne mainly affects young people, but not all of them have the same problems.
It can be very bad for boys because they have a lot of fat on their skin. Also, it can run in the family.
If your mom or dad has acne, it could be the same for you. Some people also have very sensitive skin.
How Is Acne Treated?
First, wash your face regularly. If acne does not go away, there are over-the-counter products (which you can buy without a prescription) available in a variety of ways, such as gels, lotions, creams, pads, and soaps.
The most common ingredients used in many products to fight acne are benzoyl peroxide, resorcinol, salicylic acid, and sulfur.
The topical retinoid gel is also available and can help keep acne from developing.
If you have bad skin in any of the products you buy yourself, tell your doctor.
Also, it may take some time for these products to work.
If they do not improve your acne after 2 or 3 months, ask your doctor for help.
The doctor may prescribe powerful medications, including antibiotics or other pills and creams with retinoids in them.
Retinoids can make you more sensitive to the sun, so apply them at night and use a sunscreen with a wide spectrum and a visible barrier such as zinc oxide and SPF 30 or higher to protect yourself.
Oral spironolactone (Aldactone) is very effective in treating acne and reduces the need for oral antibiotics in women.
The drug isotretinoin (formerly marketed as Accutane, now Absorica, Amnesteem, Claravis, Myorisan, or Zenatane) can cause birth defects and miscarriage if taken during pregnancy.
What Can Make Acne Worse?
- Cosmetics made of oils, suntan oil, hair gels, and sprays
- Your time
- Pickling pimples
- Scrub the skin very hard
What Causes Acne?
Dirt, fried foods, chocolate, and sex do not cause acne.
How Can I Care About My Skin?
Be careful when choosing makeup.
Makeup such as foundation, blush, and moisturizer should be oil-free. Choose products that do not cause stains or blocked holes. Ask your dermatologist or retailer what skin products are best for your skin type.
Do not pick on your face.
If you pick, squeeze, or scratch the spots, you run the risk of scarring. Do not rub or touch spots.
Be gentle with cleansing.
Stiff rubbing will only make your skin condition worse. Wash your skin thoroughly with a mild cleanser in the morning, at bedtime, and after strenuous exercise. Avoid scrubs or pads. After washing your skin, wash it thoroughly.
Use a sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher) regularly.
The sun can damage the skin and promote premature aging. Daily use of broad-spectrum sunscreen is recommended.
Remember that some acne medications, as well as other oral medications, can make you more prone to sunburn. For this reason, use sunscreen at all times. Reapply after swimming, after sweating, or after more than 2 hours in the sun.
Be careful when shaving.
Avoid nicks for a mistake by shaving lightly, shaving straight to the roots of the hair, and shaving only when appropriate. You can try different razors to find the one that best suits your skin.
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