Breathing Asthma Medications: Inhalers, Nebulizers, and More – Health care

Asthma Medications

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The first step in controlling your asthma symptoms is to know and avoid the causes of your asthma. However, prevention goes a long way, so you may need asthma medication to help control your symptoms. The right medicine will depend on a variety of factors, including your age, symptoms, causes, and your reaction to the medication. Active asthma medications, including those recommended by the American Lung Association, are not available over the counter (OTC). OTC medications for asthma are generally not recommended. Your doctor can prescribe the best medicine for you. Knowing which medications are available can help you to work with your doctor to make your treatment plan. Continue reading to learn about the types of asthma drugs available today, how they treat, and what side effects they may cause.

Inhalers and nebulizers

Asthma medicine comes in a variety of forms, including pills, liquids, injections, and inhalers. You can take them using an inhaler or nebulizer. Both can provide immediate or long-acting medications. The device you are using will not change the performance of the drug. It is a matter of personal preference, and there are good and bad ways in every way.

Inhalers

They need some communication on the user side because you have to press the machine and smell the medicine. If you or your child is using an inhaler, make sure you have copies of the repository. You don’t want to find out you lost an inhaler when you had a flare-up. Inhalers come in two types: metered-dose inhalers (MDI) and dry powder (DPI). MDI delivers a measured drug spritz when you press the inhaler. Some MDI inhalers count the doses used, so you know when the medication is about to expire. You can also use a spacer with an MDI inhaler to make it easier to use. The spacer attaches to the inhaler and “holds” the medicine in a small chamber so that you can inhale it when you are ready. This works well for children and young people. You can attach a lip balm or face mask to the space for easy sniffing. A dry powder inhaler removes the drug in a powder form. To use it, you inhale the powder forcibly from the inhaler. This method requires more work on the part of the user and is usually not the best option for young children.

Nebulizers

Nebulizers are plugged or battery-powered devices that convert liquid asthma medications into a mist that is easy to inhale. They are especially good for children because they are automatic. To get the medicine, put on a mouth nebulizer or face mask, and breathe slowly through the mist. It usually takes between 5 and 10 minutes to inhale the medicine with a nebulizer. Too bad the equipment needs a power source and is not easily treated than inhalers. They can be loud and noisy.

Bronchodilators and anti-inflammatories

Asthma medications usually fall into two categories: bronchodilators and anti-inflammatories. They work by identifying two main symptoms of asthma. Bronchodilators direct strong muscles into your lungs that block your respiratory tract. These drugs help to relax the lung muscles. This widens your airways and makes it easier for you to breathe. Bronchodilators are used for the rapid relief of asthma symptoms. Anti-inflammatory agents target inflammation in your lungs. They reduce inflammation and irritation, which helps to improve your breathing. Anti-inflammatory drugs are used in daily care to help prevent asthma symptoms.

Medications to help immediately

Asthma medications are also distinguished between immediate and long-term relief drugs. All bronchodilator medications help quickly. Emergency medicine is also called rescue therapy.

Beta-agonists hold for a short period

These inhalers provide instant relief during asthma attacks, and relief can last for several hours. Short-acting beta-agonists are the preferred drugs to treat weight-related attacks. Examples include:
  • albuterol (ProAir HFA, Ventolin HFA)
  • levalbuterol (Xopenex HFA)
The most common side effects of these drugs include:
  • shivering
  • happiness
  • a headache
  • throat irritation
  • rapid heartbeat
In rare and severe cases, these drugs may cause cardiac arrhythmia.

Anticholinergics

Anticholinergics are another class of fast-acting, breathable bronchodilators that can provide immediate relief from asthma attacks. One example is ipratropium bromide (Atrovent HFA). The most common side effects of anticholinergics include:
  • breathing hard
  • bleeding nose
  • dryness in the nose
  • nasal irritation
  • dry mouth
Uncommon but dangerous side effects include bronchospasms, which constrict the muscles in your lungs that make your respiratory tract narrower.

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